and Cochlospermum gillivraei Benth., and two evergreen species, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzal) Benth. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. Modulus of Rupture: 7,980 lb f /in 2 (55.0 MPa)* Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. This tree reaches a height of 7–25 metres (23–82 ft), by 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) across. Average Dried Weight: 32.2 lbs/ft 3 (515 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.44, .52. Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei. although Endlicher listed Colubrina excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN Art. Queensland, It is often seen performing well on lateritic substrates. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. [6] Inland forms can be stunted in appearance. LEAVES: along the branches; alternate; green on top, silvery … New South Wales, Alphitonia excelsa var. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hainan, Malesia to Pacific. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 837(1913). is a genus comprising around 15 species, and belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. acutifolia. The alternate leaves measure 5–14 cm (2–6 in) in length and 2–5 cm (1–2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. The trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white bark. Small to medium scrubby tree, Alphitonia excelsa is a very useful plant because of its broad applicability. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia),[7] and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). Species information. All rights reserved. [3] The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. MIM, Deurne. IBRA Subregions: Mitchell, Pentecost. Distribution and Ecology. Australia, Queensland Kellermann 103 (MEL) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa 5 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. It's generally found along the coast, on lower tablelands and on slopes with a western aspect. Found also in dry and littoral rainforests. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. [3][4] It can be a fodder plant for sheep and cattle, and is a useful pioneer species in bush regeneration. Western Australia, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Distribution: Australia. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. These are large trees or shrubs. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth in lowland areas. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Introduction Alphitonia Endl. Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Alphitonia zizyphoides (toi) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) doidoi, damu doi, selawa (Fiji) navasvas (Vanuatu) toi (Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue) toi, manee (French Polynesia) Lex A. J. fiomson and Randolph R. fiaman In brIef Distribution Widely distributed and moder-ately common in the South Pacific islands. Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa. Alphitonia excelsa – Red Ash A large ornamental tree which naturally has a lovely natural rounded habit, this makes a great shade tree for larger spaces. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. A revision of Alphitonia (Rhamnaceae) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. → Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. An infusion of the leaves in warm water was used for bathing in cases of headache, and an infusion of the bark, root and wood as rubbed on the body as a liniment for body pains. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. Flora of China 12: 1-534. (2010). Preferred name: Alphitonia excelsa ; Authority: (Fenzl) Bentham ; Notes. A bark and wood decoction was used as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). • Alphitonia Excelsa is a small to medium size tree with a branching canopy formation • Reaches a height of 15m and width of 6m • The tree is commonly found in dry sclerophyll forest and rainforests • Favours well drained soils and is highly suitable for erosion control areas Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (..3-6 m) trunk diameter. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Distribution and occurrence: On the margin of warmer rainforest on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes north from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district. A primary coloniser of disturbed areas however also a persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Alphitonia zizyphoides has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. This native tree is commonly known as soap tree. Distribution and habitat: Alphitonia excelsa is a very widespread and common species, occurring in east ern New South Wales, thr oughout much of Queensland, [Cited as Alphitonia incana. ]. References . It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. [Cited as Alphitonia zizyphoides. Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. IBRA Regions: Central Kimberley, Northern Kimberley. (eds.) It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Distribution and Ecology. The Plant List includes 22 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species names. Red Ash Fl.Austral. 35.2 Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Alphitonia excelsa Fruit depressed-globose, 10–15 mm diam. [4] This is an Australian ornamental tree, with some specimens of high visual appeal. [1] Other common names include Red Almond,[2] Silver Leaf,[2] Leatherjacket, White Leaf, White Myrtle, Sarsaparilla Tree, and Coopers Wood. (2007). It has been isolated from Alphitonia excelsa. Common names. Reported at 74 Fraser Coast localities: Aldershot, Antigua, Bauple, Bauple Forest, Beaver Rock, Beelbi Creek, Bidwill, Boompa, Boonooroo Plains, Booral, Brooweena, Burrum Heads, Burrum River, Burrum Town, Cherwell, Craignish, Doongul, Duckinwilla, Dundathu, Dundowran, … acutifolia Braid Ceanothus excelsa Steud. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss. ], Govaerts, R. (1995). Northern Territory, & Hong, D. Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter. Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Statistics. ; buds and young shoots reddish brown hairy; branchlets prominently ribbed; stipules 1–2 mm long Alphitonia petriei It … Janka Hardness: 1,890 lb f (8,400 N) Modulus of Rupture: 19,430 lb f /in 2 (134.0 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,755,000 lb f /in 2 (19.00 GPa) Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash, Soap tree Used to apply leaves to sore eyes. Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. Janka Hardness: 760 lb f (3,360 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity. Distribution: Australia. widely distributed on the coastal regions from north Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland, to coastal regions of south east New South Wales. Average Dried Weight: 45.2 lbs/ft 3 (725 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.62, .72. A. Terracc. Link to Images on Flickr. The Plant List includes a further 8 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Alphitonia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Alphitonin is a hydroxyaurone that is aurone substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 2, 4, 6, 3' and 4' respectively. Colubrina excelsa Fenzl. XXXVI Rhamneae (409-445) p.414; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. [8], Trees are quick growing in cultivation. Bentham, G. & Mueller, F. 1863. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. It has also been identified growing in Brigalow scrub in the interior of NSW, in areas such as Narrabri. Genus: Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. Bean, A.R. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) A. excelsa is widely distributed in the Eucalypt forests of the Northern Territory and Queensland and in the coastal regions from northern Queensland to the south coast of NSW, in or near rainforests. Also occurs in Malesia. Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa. Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone 1:414 (1863) Conservation Code: Priority Two Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia Name Status: Current Distribution. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Teijsm. Australia, Queensland Costion 1657 (no voucher) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 6 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Australia, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 (BRI) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 (Roxb.) [5] The flowers are fragrant in the evening.[3]. Flora Australiensis Vol. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … It prefers sandy soils. Australia, New Guinea. Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System Distribution and Ecology. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. [2] It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. [2] [3] Utöver nominatformen finns också underarten A. e. COMMON NAMES: Alphitonia TRADITIONAL NAMES: Toi (RR); Other Polynesian - Toi (TON), Toi (SAM), Toi (TAH) GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: NATIVE Vanuatu - Societies COOK ISLANDS STATUS: Native; Land, mountains (+) (Ridge forest) SIGNIFICANCE LIST:; Nationally endangered (seriously)Material (Wood) KEY FEATURES: A large spreadingTree to 25m. 1. [2]Bildgalleri Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. ex Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[ 338 Common in open forests and drier scrubs. Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. It grows in eucalypt forests, eucalypt and acacia savannas, gallery forests and rainforests of NSW from Mount Gulaga (previously known as Mount Dromedary) northwards along the coast and inland to the Pilliga scrub, though Queensland and the Northern Territory and into the northwest of Western Australia. Name Language; leatherjacket: English (AU) red ash: English (AU) Propose photo. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Factsheet - Alphitonia excelsa. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. In Australia, they are … Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. [9], "Soap tree" redirects here. Taxonomy. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland. A. Alphitonia excelsa; Media in category "Alphitonia excelsa" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Distribution — North from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district in New South Wales and into Queensland. Natural History & Notes Alphitonia excelsa [1] är en brakvedsväxtart som först beskrevs av Edward Fenzl, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av George Bentham. They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia. New Guinea, Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province. and Austromyrtus bidwillii (Benth.) Habitat —On the margin of warmer rainforest (Subtropical, Dry and Littoral) on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. [4] It may be used in amenity planting as a street tree providing shelter. 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Its broad applicability lower tablelands and on slopes with a Western aspect Plants 1 (.!
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