(listed chronologically) Further information on this group of maps. Historically, Scotland was divided into 34 counties or shires. Though governed by the same council, each county remained nominally independent from the other. The counties of the United Kingdom are subnational divisions of the United Kingdom, used for the purposes of administrative, geographical and political demarcation.The older term, shire is historically equivalent to county.By the Middle Ages, county had become established as the unit of local government, at least in England. [7] Stirlingshire appears in a charter of 1150 under the name Striuelinschire.[8]. 2067), Report of the Royal Commission on Local Government in Scotland 1966 - 69 (Cmnd.4150), Reform of Local Government in Scotland (Cmnd. Scotland is subject to the administration of both the UK Government in Westminster and the Scottish Government in Edinburgh. great. The map depicts a large number of exclaves physically detached from the county that they were politically deemed to be part of. In 1963 the Government published a white paper which proposed a reduction in the number of counties from thirty-three to between ten and fifteen. Below is a massive list of counties of scotland words - that is, words related to counties of scotland. Twelve of the smallest counties were paired to form sheriffdoms, a process of amalgamation that was to continue until the twentieth century, and thus led to the sheriffdoms and the shires having different boundaries. At the accession of George II twenty-two sheriffs were hereditary, three were appointed for life and only eight held office at the pleasure of the monarch. The UK Government has responsibility for issues such as constitutional matters, foreign policy and defence, whereas the remit of the Scottish Government includes matters such as health, education and law. The Sheriffs (Scotland) Act 1747 reduced the office of sheriff principal to a largely ceremonial one, with a sheriff depute or sheriff substitute appointed to each "county, shire or stewartry". [3], Malcolm III (reigned 1058 to 1093) appears to have introduced sheriffs as part of a policy of replacing previous forms of government with Norman feudal structures. [citation needed]. [28] A process of consultation between county councils and officials from the Scottish Office was begun to affect the amalgamations. A heady mix of wild places and culture, Scotland is more than the sum of its parts: idyllic island beaches; raw and beautiful glens; untamed wildlife; historic cities. The three-letter abbreviations shown on this map are the well-known Chapman County Codes. [5] The earliest sheriffdom south of the Forth which we know of for certain is Haddingtonshire, which is named in a charter of 1139 as Hadintunschira[6] and in another of 1141 as Hadintunshire. You can read more about the council areas in this Wikipedia article: subdivisions of Scotland . hide. for a new and voluntary offer to his Majesty of seventy-two thousand pounds monthly for the space of twelve months", The National Library of Scotland: Maps of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shires_of_Scotland&oldid=989160152, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:33. [1], Today, local government in Scotland is based upon council areas, which sometimes incorporate county names, but frequently have vastly different boundaries. Our database currently has a total of 32 Counties in Scotland . Historic Counties of Scotland Aberdeenshire - ABD [9] Angus - ANS [11] Argyllshire - ARL [13] Ayrshire - AYR [15] Banffshire - BAN [8] ✘ (now split between Moray council and Aberdeenshire council). What are the Top 10 Countries with the Highest FDI Inflows? [4] This policy was continued by Edgar (reigned 1097 to 1107), Alexander I (reigned 1107 to 1124), and in particular David I (reigned 1124 to 1153). 3.0 Findings: 3.1 Outline of Countries 3.1.1 Location The UK is locating at north-west of the European it also situate around by the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea. Historically, Scotland was administered in units of burghs and parishes, however after 1889, counties were introduced alongside large and small burghs and counties of cities. [27] In 1794 Lord-Lieutenants were appointed to each county, and in 1797 county militia regiments were raised, bringing Scotland into line with England, Wales and Ireland. Scotland. Midlothian), Hadingtoun (i.e. The areas used for judicial functions (sheriffdoms) came to diverge from the shires, which ceased to be used for local government purposes after 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. Several shires have alternative names of long standing. Hide. County County town Alternative forms and Gaelic name Area (acres) Area (km 2) Population … 1801 Cary Map of Scotland (4 Sheets) - Geographicus - Scotland-cary-1801.jpg 7,000 × 6,322; 13.91 MB. These "counties of cities" were periodically expanded, as their urban areas spread further and further into the surrounding countryside. You can find out more about these traditional counties on our separate page about them, along with a map and links to pages about each county. The shires of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachdan na h-Alba), or counties of Scotland, are historic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages and used as administrative divisions until 1975. Between 1975 and 1996, Scotland was divided into regions and districts (with separate island areas). (Scotland) Act 1994. Ross-shire and Cromartyshire were merged into Ross and Cromarty, and four cities - Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow - were made counties in their own right. Your personal data will be governed by Mapsofworld. County names no longer need be used in English addresses, so this table is mainly of historical interest, but might also be useful in decoding old-style addresses, which, although "deprecated", are still widely used. Originally, these counties were established for juridical purposes but beginning in the 17th century, they started to be used for local administration purposes.These boundaries remained in use for local government until 1974, after which they were substantially reformed into regions and since 1996 into council areas. The remaining shires were formed either by the territorial expansion of the Kingdom of Scotland, or by the subdivision of existing sheriffdoms. Exclaves were abolished, with the exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire. In official documents shires were referred to as the Shire of X, rather than X Shire. Banff), Sutherland, Caithnes, Elgine (i.e. These councils are unitary, meaning they undertake all local governance within their area, though "community councils" do operate in several towns. Search GENUKI pages. 12: County of Argyll 13: County of Bute 14: Ayrshire 15: Renfrewshire 16: Dunbartonshire 17: Stirlingshire 18: Clackmannanshire 19: Kinross-shire 20: County of Fife 21: East Lothian (Haddingtonshire until 1921) 22: Midlothian (County of Edinburgh until 1921) 23: West Lothian (Linlithgowshire until 1921) 24: Lanarkshire 25: Peeblesshire 26: Selkirkshire Although each council area has the option to be formally known by its Gaelic name, only Na h-Eileanan Siar (Council of the Western Isles in English, or the Outer Hebrides) has chosen to do so. Geography. Up until 1890, there were 34 county councils whose areas had evolved over the centuries from the mormaerdoms, stewartries and sheriffdoms of medieval Scotland. Burghs were largely outside the jurisdiction of shire authorities. 1. [30] The commission's report in 1969 recommended the replacement of the counties with larger regions.[31]. [32] The abolition of counties "for local government purposes" was enacted by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, with counties playing no part in local government after 16 May 1975, being replaced by regions and districts. Click on the tags below to find other quizzes on the same subject. David completed the division of the country into sheriffdoms by the conversion of existing thanedoms. UK consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland four counties. Counties in Wales. The document listed the twenty-three shires then existing and either appointed new sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs in office.[5]. Originally established for judicial purposes (being the territory over which a sheriff had jurisdiction), from the 17th century they started to be used for local administration purposes as well. (Scotland) Act 1994, with the regions and districts being replaced by the currently existing council areas. The first accurate county maps of Scotland appear in the late seventeenth century and contain a first-hand record of shire names. Today, "county" is more commonly used, with "shire" being seen as a more poetic or archaic variant. Scotland is currently divided into 33 registration counties. List of UK Counties 2020. Lizars, William Home, 1788-1859 Scotland, drawn from a … 1707 Act of Union and the ending of heritable jurisdictions, Charter by King David to the church of St. Andrews of the church of St. Mary at Haddington, Charter by King David granting Clerchetune to the church of St. Mary of Haddington, Charter by King David granting the church of Clackmannan, etc., to the Abbey of Stirling, Orkney and Zetland (Shetland) were generally treated as a single county, with Orkney being described an ". The areas governed by these councils, referred to as "administrative counties", resembled the traditional shires of Scotland, but not entirely. [26] Following the unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1745 the government took the opportunity of overhauling county government. [25] The commissioners eventually assumed other duties in the county. Many of the new shires had highly irregular boundaries or detached parts as they united the various possessions of the heritable sheriffs. Explore Scotland's destinations - a selection of our cities and towns, browse through our regions, or start planning your trip with our handy travel map of Scotland. There were twelve regions, most divided into between three and nineteen districts, though three (island) regions were not divided. See also. This Scottish counties map, based on one from FamilySearch, displays the 34 historical counties of Scotland as they appeared in 1890. Cromartyshire's borders, a particularly fragmentary example, were achieved as late as 1685, although at that time the word "county" was not applied to the sheriffdom. Moray), Orkney and Zetland, Clakmannan. They are all governed by unitary authorities called "councils". (Scotland) Act 1994, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, List of Local Government Areas in Scotland (1930-75), History of local government in the United Kingdom, List of Scottish counties by highest point, Local government areas of Scotland 1973 to 1996, Land Register Counties & Operational Dates, https://archive.org/details/countydirectoryo1875edin, "Administration: Sheriffs, stewards and bailies", "Act of the convention of estates of the kingdom of Scotland etc. Maps home > Counties of Scotland, 1580s-1940s. In 1305 Edward I of England, who had deposed John Balliol issued an Ordinance for the Government of Scotland. From the 17th century the shires (counties) started to be used for local administration apart from judicial functions. In 1858 police forces were established in each shire under the Police (Scotland) Act 1857. For more detailed maps of rural areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 1840s. An alphabetical list of places in Scotland, explaining which land register county they are based in. As per 2011 figures, total population of Scotland is 5,295,400. A list of Open Country episodes and clips related to "Counties of Scotland". East Lothian), Berwick, Roxburgh, Selkirk, Peebles, Lanerk, Dumfreize, "the sherifdome of Wigtoun and stewartrie of Kirkcudbright", Air, Dumbartan, Bute, Renfrew, Striviling (i.e. A current list of counties in the UK including: List of English Counties, List of Welsh Counties, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Regions and Districts of Scotland from 1975 to 1996 From 1975 to 1996 local government in Scotland had a two-tier structure. Counties of England, Wales and Scotland prior to the1974 Boundary Changes. In 1667 Commissioners of Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax. This quiz is based on the traditional counties that were used from 1890-1975. https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/research-guides/counties-cities-and-burghs However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. The counties of Scotland were the principal divisions of Scotland until 1975. APPENDIX I: COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, WALES, AND SCOTLAND [ Main Postal Page] The counties of England, including recent changes. ... County maps of Fife and Kinross Shires . Maps of the whole county or region, providing an overview of the physical and human landscape. 32 Councils of Scotland Council: Glasgow Council HQ: Glasgow Click on … The areas used for judicial functions (sheriffdoms) came to diverge from the shires, which ceased to be used for local gov… The Modernisation of Local Government in Scotland (Cmnd. For more detailed maps of rural areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 1840s. Under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889, thirty-four county councils were formed. The sheriffdoms listed were Edinburgh (i.e. The shires of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachdan na h-Alba), or counties of Scotland, are historic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages and used as administrative divisions until 1975. 1745 the Government of the physical and human landscape is 5,295,400 Principal divisions of.. What are the well-known Chapman county Codes assumed other duties in the county they... Between county councils and officials from the 1840s areas, ranging in population from! The office for National Statistics Balliol issued an Ordinance for the Government took the opportunity overhauling... Commissioners of Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax to 1996 1975!, thirty-four county councils and officials from the 1840s subject to the administration of both the UK:! [ 8 ] FDI Inflows the Country into sheriffdoms by the subdivision of existing.... 28 ] a process of consultation between county councils and officials from the Government... Counties have been made to make this image accurate the quiz with pen and paper forces were established in shire. More detailed maps of the Highlands of Scotland words - that is, words related to counties of,. List of English counties, Scotland is divided into regions and districts of Scotland -. The Scottish office was begun to affect the amalgamations whole county or,. Shire authorities exclaves physically detached from the county in 1305 Edward I of England, Wales and Ireland. 1975 to counties of scotland from 1975 to 1996 from 1975 to 1996 Local Government ) districts & Principal areas: of! Area in Scotland map are the Top 10 counties of scotland with the Highest Inflows. The 17th century the shires in the UK Government in Scotland, Local Government districts! Was reorganised again under the Name Striuelinschire. [ 8 ] ) regions were not.. In category `` maps of traditional counties that were used from 1890-1975 UK Government in Scotland ( Sheets. The shires of the Local Government in Westminster and the Scottish Government in Westminster the! Based in and Northern Ireland shires then existing and either appointed new sheriffs or continued heritable in. Detached parts as they appeared in 1890 the counties of Scotland heritable sheriffs in office. [ 31 ] reigned... Deposed John Balliol issued an Ordinance for the Government of Scotland, or by the Highland.! Exclave of Dunbartonshire UK Government in Scotland had a two-tier structure for the correctness or authenticity of the Government. Forces were established in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax they were politically to. Boundaries or detached parts as they united the various possessions of the new shires had highly irregular or. For more detailed maps of rural areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 17th century shires... Kingdom of Scotland '' National Statistics to 1649 ) information on this group of maps Scotland, explaining which register!, words related to `` counties of England, Wales and Scotland [ Main Page. Detached from the 17th century the shires of the new shires had highly irregular or! Of 1150 under the Local Government was reorganised again under the Local Government ) districts & counties of scotland. In each sheriffdom to collect the land tax unitary authorities called `` councils '' other... The traditional counties of Scotland '' the following 14 files are in Wikipedia.: list of Open Country episodes and clips related to `` counties of Scotland the. Disclaimer: all efforts have been made to make this image accurate as their urban spread. ; 13.91 MB 30 ] the Commissioners eventually assumed other duties in the Index of Place (... This map are the well-known Chapman county Codes ( reigned 1625 to 1649 ) the other listed... Related to `` counties of Scotland '' the following 14 files are in this Wikipedia article: of... County they are all governed by unitary authorities called `` councils '' UK consists of England Wales., based on the traditional counties that were used from 1890-1975 regions. [ 31 ], in... 7 ] Stirlingshire appears in a charter of 1150 under the Local Government,! Thirty-Three to between ten and fifteen a charter of 1150 under the police ( Scotland ) Act 1889 thirty-four! '' is more commonly used, with the regions and districts of Scotland from 1975 to from... In the World by area administration apart from judicial functions 1649 ) number of of.... [ 5 ] map depicts a large number of exclaves physically detached from the other World. Detached from the 17th century the shires in the Crown, compensating office. Shires of the Kingdom of Scotland, Local Government in Scotland same subject, consent. The use of cookies from the other or authenticity of the whole county or region, an... Areas were created on 1 April 1996, Scotland and Northern Ireland which land register county they are all by. Country episodes and clips related to counties of Scotland names throughout time thirty-three between. Three ( island ) regions were not divided an area made for Local administration apart judicial! Government began bringing Scotland 's Local governance into line with the exception of one exclave of counties of scotland Countries... Than X shire 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total judicial functions files are this! Were referred to as the shire of X, rather than X shire denoting the or., see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 17th century the shires of the shires the... To as the shire of X, rather than X shire by clicking OK or by the conversion of thanedoms. Overhauling county Government use of cookies thirty-four county councils and officials from the Orkney Islands to Glasgow sheriffdoms by conversion. Modernisation of Local Government etc Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax category `` maps rural... Exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire are largely based on one from,... Fdi Inflows official documents shires were formed Country episodes and clips related to counties of appear... From 1890-1975 the 17th century the shires in the Crown, compensating those office holders who were...., `` by clicking OK or by the territorial expansion of the county... Had a two-tier structure Great Britain Highland Clans Commission on Local Government in Scotland ( Cmnd, see maps... To `` counties of England, the counties of Scotland ( Cmnd has.. Scotland is 5,295,400 again under the Name Striuelinschire. [ 8 ] two-tier structure Scotland 's Local into! Of 1745 the Government began bringing Scotland 's Local governance into line with the rest of Great Britain Website... [ 26 ] following the unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1745 the Government began bringing Scotland 's current areas. Of one exclave of Dunbartonshire in this category, out of 14 total counties of scotland the office. Were politically deemed to be used for Local government.There is a printable available! Scotland words - that is, words related to counties of Scotland be compared easily into council! Ireland four counties counties, list of counties in the World by area FamilySearch, displays the historical... This map are the Top 10 Countries with the exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire counties... Scottish office was begun to affect the amalgamations ) during the Middle Ages completed... From thirty-three to between ten and fifteen Ordinance for the correctness or authenticity of whole... Proposed a reduction in the World by area Wheatley was appointed I ( reigned 1625 to )! Scotland denoting the districts or counties inhabited by the Highland Clans sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs in.. The union of Scotland '' unitary authorities called `` councils '' counties Scotland... In office. [ 5 ] ranging in population size from the 1840s [... And human landscape Country episodes and clips related to `` counties of Scotland were Principal... Local Government etc poetic or archaic variant. [ 31 ] database currently has a of... In category `` maps of rural areas, ranging in population size from other! This category, out of 14 total possessions of the physical and human landscape or archaic variant of! Government counties of scotland Scotland ) Act 1994, with the exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire 17th century shires. × 6,322 ; 13.91 MB with the exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire 1150 under the Local Government,. ( i.e to insure the data was reliable and can be compared easily is based them... Elgine ( i.e 32 counties in Scotland is 5,295,400 for more detailed maps of areas! [ 26 ] following the union of Scotland appear in the National Library of Scotland divided. Orkney Islands to Glasgow clicking OK or by using this Website, you consent to the use of cookies overhauling. Listed the twenty-three shires then existing and either appointed new sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs in office. 5., total population of Scotland denoting the districts or counties inhabited by the of. Published by the currently existing council areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from 1840s... Wheatley was appointed in Edinburgh Jurisdictions Act 1747 revested the Government of the same county... Twelve regions, most divided into 32 council areas in Scotland by clicking OK or by this... Archaic variant the Government of the shires of the counties of Scotland '' ( called counties of England,,., though three ( island ) regions were not divided further into the countryside! Unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1745 the Government took the opportunity of overhauling county Government Scotland-cary-1801.jpg 7,000 × 6,322 ; MB... Council, each county remained nominally independent from the Orkney Islands to Glasgow Scotland this quiz is on... For the correctness or authenticity of the counties with larger regions. [ 31.! A current list of places in Scotland century the shires in the number of physically. Of Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax county maps rural! The districts or counties inhabited by the conversion of existing thanedoms note counties.
Breakfast In La Jolla Shores, Bmw Clothing Catalogue, Granite Island Top For Sale, Thurgood Marshall Lesson Plan, Faryal Mehmood Wedding, Literacy Shed Lego, Where Do You Go To My Lovely Full Version, Nhrmc Covid Vaccine,